- Large public and fabricated judicial proceedings were a constant of the early post-Revolution period. The trial of the Petrograd Fighting Organization was organized by the Cheka in 1921 to publicize the link between dissident intellectuals and rebellious sailors and émigrés. Confessions were beaten out of witnesses, false evidence was presented in court, and the defendants were condemned. In the 1920s and early 1930s, there were series of show trials of “bourgeois specialists,” foreign engineers, and Mensheviks. In each proceeding, the security service got better and better at handling witnesses and testimony.The greatest of the show trials were the Moscow Trials in 1936, 1937, and 1938. In the dock were the leaders of Soviet Russia, Vladimir Lenin’s closest friends and colleagues. In a series of stage plays produced by Joseph Stalin and directed by the NKVD, the prisoners confessed, begged for the death penalty, and went to their deaths. The trials were not to be matched. Efforts to hold public show trials of Polish soldiers who fought against the Nazis and the Soviets in 1946, and of Jews accused of serving as American spies in 1952, failed because the prisoners refused to play their roles. The MGB, however, taught the services of Eastern Europe how to produce and direct such political theater, and show trials continued until 1954. The evidence and the verdicts of the show trials were widely believed inside the Soviet Union and among leftist intellectual circles in the West. In the United States, left-wing intellectuals took out space in major magazines to affirm that the Moscow Trials were fair. In France, communist members of the Chamber of Deputies defended the 1952 Slansky Trial in Prague. It was not until the era of Mikhail Gorbachev that the victims of the Moscow trials were pardoned, and the regime admitted they had been convicted on perjured evidence.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
show trial — show trials N COUNT (disapproval) People describe a trial as a show trial if they believe that the trial is unfair and is held for political reasons rather than in order to find out the truth. Amnesty International has denounced the show trials… … English dictionary
show trial — show .trial n an unfair ↑trial that is organized by a government for political reasons, not in order to find out whether someone is guilty ▪ Stalin staged a series of show trials … Dictionary of contemporary English
Show trial — The term show trial is a pejorative description of a type of highly public trial. The term was first recorded in the 1930s. [OED] There is a strong connotation that the judicial authorities have already determined the guilt of the defendant and… … Wikipedia
show trial — noun a trial held for show; the guilt of the accused person has been decided in advance • Hypernyms: ↑trial * * * noun, pl ⋯ trials [count] : a trial in a court of law in which the verdict has been decided in advance They were forced to confess… … Useful english dictionary
show trial — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms show trial : singular show trial plural show trials a trial that a government arranges for political reasons and decides the result of before the trial begins … English dictionary
show trial — noun (C) an unfair trial 1 (1) that is organized by a government for political reasons, not in order to find out whether someone is guilty: Inadequacies of the Soviet system that made such show trials necessary … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
Show of Heart — was a horse originally ridden by Australian Phillip Dutton, and currently ridden by American Adrienne Iorio Borden. Smokey brought Adrienne to great lengths in the eventing world. *Barn Name: Smokey *Color: Bay *Height: 15.3 hh (160 cm) *Sex:… … Wikipedia
Trials and Tribble-ations — Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode Sisko (right) meets Kirk on the bridge of the USS Enterprise (NCC 1701) … Wikipedia
Trials of Death — is the fifth book in The Saga of Darren Shan by the author Darren Shan.Infobox Book | name = Trials of Death image caption = New UK Cover for Trials of Death author = Darren Shan country = United Kingdom language = English series = The Saga of… … Wikipedia
Trials & Errors — Live album by Magnolia Electric Co. Released January 18, 2005 ( … Wikipedia